Как заработать на падении индекса S&P 500

Как заработать на падении индекса S&P 500

Фото: John Gress / Reuters

После повышения ставки ФРС индекс S&P 500 снизился на 1,7%, при этом на торгах 21 марта он впервые за последние три месяца упал более чем на 1%. Что это значит для инвестора и не пора ли покупать подешевевшие акции?

С момента заседания Федрезерва 15 марта, на котором американский регулятор повысил процентную ставку на 0,25 п.п., фондовый индекс S&P 500 ​снизился на 1,73%. При этом большая часть падения пришлась на торговую сессию 21 марта, когда индикатор опустился более чем на 1,26%, до 2344,02 пункта​. Это наибольшее дневное снижение за последние 110 дней. До заседания ФРС индекс устойчиво рос, поднявшись с начала года на 5,6% и несколько раз обновив исторический максимум.

Падение индекса S&P 500 связано с разочарованием рынка в монетарной политике ФРС — рынок ожидал от регулятора намеков на более серьезное повышение ключевой ставки в будущем, считает экономист «ВТБ Капитала» Нил Маккинон. На прошедшем заседании американский Центробанк анонсировал лишь три повышения в 2017 году и столько же — в 2018 году, тогда как инвесторы рассчитывали на четыре повышения в год. Это решение ФРС вызвало ослабление американской валюты — с 15 марта индекс доллара просел на 1,54%, до 99,56 пункта. В этой связи инвесторы стали сокращать позиции в долларовых активах.

При этом резкое снижение индекса S&P 500 21 марта может быть связано с усилением сомнений участников рынка в готовности Трампа реализовать свои предвыборные обещания, отмечает главный аналитик ВТБ24 Станислав Клещев. Дело в том, что вечером 23 марта в конгрессе состоится голосование за изменение закона о доступном здравоохранении Obamacare. У резонансного проекта реформы нашлось множество противников как среди демократов, так и республиканцев. Итоги голосования неминуемо повлияют на состояние сектора биотехнологий и, как следствие, на рынок технологий в целом, говорит управляющий партнер трейдинговой компании United Traders Анатолий Радченко.

​Поэтому несмотря на то, что в ходе сессии 22 марта индикатор S&P 500 скорректировался на 0,19%, эксперты, опрошенные РБК, предупреждают о возможном продолжении снижения индекса. Впрочем, подобные падения очень хороши для внимательного инвестора, поскольку они позволяют найти бумаги с сильными фундаментальными показателями, добавляет Анатолий Радченко. «Во время трендов все бумаги идут за рынком. Резкие падения индексов показывают, какие акции сильнее рынка», — отмечает эксперт.

Старший портфельный управляющий УК «КапиталЪ» Вадим Бит-Аврагим​ соглашается, что снижение индекса S&P 500 можно использовать для покупки американских бумаг по более привлекательным ценам. Он рекомендует вложиться в два биржевых инвестиционных фонда (ETF) в секторе биотехнологий и здравоохранения: Biotech XBI SPDR S&P Biotech и XLV Health Care SPDR. 21 марта оба этих фонда упали на 4,87% и 0,77% соответственно, при этом с начала 2017 года они выросли на 10,2% и 6%.

Также в связи с ожидаемым ростом инфляции в США эксперт советует обратить внимание на золото и золотодобывающие компании. Прежде всего, это биржевые инвестиционные фонды SPDR Gold Trust и GDX Market Vectors Gold Miners, которые с начала года подорожали на 7,5% и на 4,8% соответственно. Примечательно, что в ходе торговой сессии 21 марта эти фонды выросли на 0,83% и 1,39%. Из акций технологического сектора Бит-Аврагим выделяет бумаги компании IBM: 21 марта они упали меньше, чем широкий рынок (на 1,05%), а с начала года их котировки поднялись на 4,8%.

Управляющий активами УК БКС Никита Емельянов также считает, что сейчас неплохое время для покупки акций на долгосрочную перспективу. А вот спекулянтам эксперт рекомендует подождать более привлекательных ценовых уровней. В отношении защитных активов (золото, швейцарский франк и иена, облигации Казначейства США) эксперт настроен скептически: на долгом горизонте американский рынок все же будет расти, а курс доллара — укрепляться. Из ETF Емельянов выделяет PowerShares QQQ Trust, Series 1, который следует за акциями крупнейших технологических компаний, торгующихся на бирже NASDAQ. На сессии 21 марта бумаги этого фонда просели на 1,52%, однако с начала года они подорожали на 9,4%. Кроме того, финансист видит неплохие перспективы у социальной сети Facebook, онлайн-гипермаркета Amazon и разработчика софта Intel. 

Источник: rbc.ru

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