Минимальная сумма льготных кредитов составит 5 млн руб.

Минимальная сумма льготных кредитов составит 5 млн руб.

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Виктор Коротаев /
Коммерсантъ

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Корпорация МСП снижает минимальную сумму льготных кредитов для малого и среднего бизнеса по «Программе 6,5%» со ставками в диапазоне 10,6-11,6% вдвое, до 5 млн руб. В «Опоре России», которая была инициатором такого снижения, надеются, что это, как и решение Дмитрия Медведева о расширении лимитов такого кредитования еще на 50 млрд руб., увеличит объемы кредитования малого и микробизнеса,— и ждут от госбанков снижения ставок и вне льготной программы. Сами же госбанки хотят зарабатывать на не охваченном льготами бизнесе больше.

Решение о снижении порога кредитования малого бизнеса с 10 млн до 5 млн руб. по «Программе 6,5%» было принято на заседании совета директоров Корпорации МСП. «6,5%» — самая известная программа льготного кредитования объемом 125 млрд руб. По ней с конца 2015 года уполномоченные банки (сейчас их 31) рефинансируются в ЦБ по ставке 6,5% и кредитуют малый бизнес под 10,6% годовых, средний — под 9,6%. Минимальный размер кредита уже был снижен с 50 млн руб. до 10 млн руб., потолок ссуд достигает 1 млрд руб., а срок — трех лет.

Снизить порог до 5 млн руб.— одно из предложений «Опоры России», которые «большая четверка» бизнес-ассоциаций направляла главе Минэкономики Максиму Орешкину. По словам главы «Опоры» Александра Калинина, высокий порог в 10 млн руб. делает программу малодоступной для микропредприятий — большинству предпринимателей требуются займы в 5-10 млн руб. «Сейчас средний чек по кредиту (не льготному) для МСП, по данным ВТБ 24, составляет 9,8 млн руб.— многие не подпадают под программу. В целом только 10% предпринимателей пользуются кредитами. Со снижением порога льготного кредитования у них будет эта возможность»,— заявил «Ъ» господин Калинин. Насколько возрастет интерес МСП к программе, по словам главы «Опоры», прогнозировать трудно из-за других ограничений: заемщики должны работать в приоритетных отраслях — АПК, медицине, обработке, строительстве, транспорте и связи, внутреннем туризме или высокотехнологичных проектах.

Напомним, 17 февраля на заседании президиума «проектного офиса» первый вице-премьер Игорь Шувалов заявил о сворачивании программы: она оказалась удачной, но все же антикризисной мерой — и должна была завершиться. Однако уже 27 февраля на Сочинском инвестфоруме премьер-министр Дмитрий Медведев объявил об увеличении лимита программы еще на 50 млрд руб., при этом программа затронет и региональные банки. Новые средства ЦБ добавит к нынешним остаткам лимита в 13 млрд руб. 1 июля. По словам главы Корпорации МСП Александра Бравермана, снижение порога позволит им охватить максимальное число малых и средних компаний, а в случае успеха в 2017 году программа будет продлена и на 2018 год.

Впрочем, на встрече с представителями деловых кругов Тульской области в начале марта глава Минэкономики Максим Орешкин говорил о том, что «Программа 6,5%» должна оставаться «точечной», пояснив: «Если кто-то получает субсидирование процентной ставки, оно всегда происходит за счет кого-то другого». Министр приводил в пример Бразилию, где за счет мощного субсидирования процентных ставок льготные кредиты можно взять под 5-8%, а вне системы льгот частный кредит стоит 20-25%. В «Опоре России» тем не менее надеются, что увеличение лимита и снижение порога льготного кредитования «заставит госбанки снизить ставки и по обычным кредитам МСП» — сейчас они составляют 14,4% для малого и 13% для среднего бизнеса. Впрочем, Сбербанк вчера ставки по некоторым кредитным программам для предпринимателей все же повысил — с 15,5% до 17% и с 16,5% до 17% годовых.

Источник: kommersant.ru

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