Власти Татарстана ищут инвестора для помощи клиентам Татфондбанка

Власти Татарстана ищут инвестора для помощи клиентам Татфондбанка

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Артем Дергунов /
Коммерсантъ

Госсовет Татарстана 11 мая может принять закон, позволяющий реализовать «механизм» поддержки пострадавших клиентов Татфондбанка и Интехбанка, который анонсировал глава республики Рустам Минниханов на встрече с Владимиром Путиным. Из проекта закона следует, что потери вкладчиков будут компенсироваться из прибыли инвесторов, которые получат от властей республики земельные участки на льготных условиях. Проект вчера одобрил профильный комитет парламента. Эксперты считают, что предложенный вариант реализуем в том случае, если власти самостоятельно обеспечат земельные участки инфраструктурой. Они отмечают, что на удовлетворение хотя бы 60-70% требований от общего объема вкладов в 118 млрд руб. может уйти до 15 лет.

Вчера комитет Госсовета по экологии и природопользованию одобрил внесенные правительством Татарстана поправки в Земельный кодекс республики. Как сообщил заместитель министра земельных и имущественных отношений Татарстана Сергей Демидов, «предлагаемые меры расширят возможности» помощи пострадавшим клиентам Татфондбанка и Интехбанка, а также обманутым дольщикам. Речь идет о возможности предоставлять земельные участки под «реализацию масштабного инвестиционного проекта» по распоряжению президента республики. В Земельном кодексе прописаны критерии, которым должен соответствовать инвестиционный проект. Поправками Кабмина предлагается установить, что инвестор оказывает поддержку «пострадавшим от действий (бездействия) недобросовестных застройщиков» и «от деятельности кредитных или иных финансовых организаций, зарегистрированных на территории Республики Татарстан». «Мы передаем инвестору инвестиционно привлекательные участки — на них будут реализовываться инвестиционные проекты, часть прибыли от которых пойдет на удовлетворение требований»,— разъяснил предложения правительства господин Демидов.

Напомним, проблемы Татфондбанка, о которых стало известно в декабре 2016 года, спровоцировали локальный банковский кризис в республике. 3 марта ЦБ отозвал лицензии у Татфондбанка, Интехбанка, Анкор банка, в апреле — у Татагропромбанка. Пострадавшие клиенты банков начали требовать компенсации у властей Татарстана, в том числе организуя уличные протестные акции. 26 апреля президент Татарстана Рустам Минниханов отчитался о принимаемых мерах на встрече с президентом РФ Владимиром Путиным. Господин Минниханов обещал, что «нам придется найти механизм» поддержки вкладчиков и анонсировал создание «специального фонда» для тех, кто не сможет получить возмещения средств за счет распродажи активов банков. Позднее министр экономики Татарстана Артем Здунов разъяснил, что речь идет о создании «специальной организации», которая «безвозмездно» получит участки «для их комплексного освоения». Прибыль от освоения, по словам господина Здунова, власти направят на компенсацию вкладчикам по окончании конкурсного производства.

Между тем Сергей Демидов вчера пояснил журналистам, что, согласно Земельному кодексу, речь идет о предоставлении земельных участков в аренду, доходы от которой будут поступать напрямую в бюджет (не вкладчикам). Пострадавшим клиентам банков достанется лишь часть прибыли, которую инвестор (пока не определен) извлечет из проекта. Какую конкретно часть прибыли, он уточнить не смог. «Мы будем создавать такие условия, чтобы затраты инвестора были как можно меньше, а часть, которую получат вкладчики, — больше»,— обещал чиновник. При этом он отметил, что в лучшем случае компенсации начнутся через 2-3 года. Неясным остается, какие земли выделят в помощь пострадавшим клиентам банков. По словам Сергея Демидова, «пока идет инвентаризация и решение не принято». Не исключено, что речь идет о нескольких тысячах гектар земли, которые правительство в прошлом году планировало передать самому Татфондбанку. Их кадастровая стоимость оценивалась в 40 млрд руб. В первую очередь, власти хотят направить компенсации физлицам и индивидуальным предпринимателям. «Понятно, что требования вкладчиков будут еще гаситься в порядке очередности по процедуре банкротства, а вот ту разницу, которая останется, мы планируем компенсировать за счет этих механизмов»,— добавил господин Демидов.

Отметим, что долговая «дыра» в Татфондбанке, по данным ЦБ, превышает 118 млрд руб., а общие обязательства банка составляют 189,7 млрд руб. (в том числе перед юридическими лицами 37 млрд руб., перед физическими лицами — 20,2 млрд руб., перед Агентством по страхованию вкладов — 52 млрд руб.). Задолженность перед клиентами Интехбанка — почти 15 млрд руб.

Президиум Госсовета включил законопроект в повестку дня ближайшей сессии, назначенной на 11 мая.

Обманутые вкладчики пока скептически относятся к инициативам властей. «Я не уверена, что это даже частично может компенсировать наши потери»,— заявила “Ъ-Казань” лидер союза пострадавших клиентов Александра Юманова. По ее словам, «земли — хороший товар, но должны быть коммуникации». «Нас такие предложения никак не успокаивают. Мы будем продолжать бороться»,— сказала госпожа Юманова.

«Самый оптимистичный вариант, если государство самостоятельно проведет коммуникации»,— говорит директор «НЛБ-Недвижимость» Андрей Савельев. В этом случае, по его словам, «прибыль существенно перекроет» потери пострадавших от банков, «спрос на эти земли будет». При этом он отмечает, что земли могли бы использоваться как под индивидуальное жилищное строительство, так и под многоквартирную застройку (в случае если земли близко к Казани). «Если на участках не будет хотя бы воды, света и газа, то может получиться как в ситуации с землями для многодетных семей. Земель много, но их никто не берет»,— заключил господин Савельев.

Аналитик «Алор Брокер» Кирилл Яковенко говорит, что «работы по возведению объектов жилой или коммерческой недвижимости займут порядка трех лет, еще два года потребуется для того, чтобы эти инвестиции начали приносить ощутимый доход». Если это будут промышленные земли, то на запуск производств и выход на прибыль уйдет пять-шесть лет «при условии восстановления экономики региона», отмечает он. В целом же, по словам господина Яковенко, учитывая размер «дыры» в Татфондбанке, «чтобы удовлетворить хотя бы на 60-70% требования вкладчиков банков-банкротов, уйдет не менее 10-15 лет». «Мера эффективна только в долгосрочной перспективе»,— заключает он.

Источник: kommersant.ru

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